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      • Open Access Article

        1 - Psychometric Adequacy of Persian Version of Women Sexual Schema
        Jhale Refahi Nasir Dastan maryam behnam
        The sexual schema is a part of self that is believed to be crucial for intrapersonal and interpersonal sexual relationships. This study aims to examine the validity of the Persian version of the women sexual schema questionnaire in Iranian society. The sample is consist Full Text
        The sexual schema is a part of self that is believed to be crucial for intrapersonal and interpersonal sexual relationships. This study aims to examine the validity of the Persian version of the women sexual schema questionnaire in Iranian society. The sample is consisting of 360 married women chosen by multi-stage cluster sampling from Shiraz. The extracted factors from this scale in this study were not the same as those found in the original form of the female sexual schema scale. The scale of women's sexual schema in Iranian society consisted of four factors, namely: open-minded-direct, passionate-romantic, attractive, and embarrassed-conservative. Also, the results of the women's scale validity were reported through the correlation coefficients of the subscales with the desired total score. Moreover, examines show that the Persian versions of women sexual schema's scales have acceptable reliability. The clinical psychologists and family counselors can use and benefit from this scale to identify the women's sexual schema for searching and treatment activities in clinical and counseling settings. Manuscript Document
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        2 - The Role of Islamic Life Adherence, Marital Intimacy, and Attitude toward Infidelity in Predicting Marital Commitment
        Nezamoddin Ghasemi Mohamad Hosein Zareii Maede Ayati Behnaz Ertezaii
        The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Islamic lifestyle adherence, marital intimacy and attitude towards infidelity in predicting marital commitment of married women in Isfahan. This is a descriptive-analytical study in the field of correlation and r Full Text
        The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Islamic lifestyle adherence, marital intimacy and attitude towards infidelity in predicting marital commitment of married women in Isfahan. This is a descriptive-analytical study in the field of correlation and regression studies. The statistical population includes all married women of Isfahan city with at least 2 years and up to 3 years of marriage in winter of 1397. Using the available sampling method, 39 married women were selected and the Kaviani Islamic Lifestyle Questionnaire (ILST), Marital Intimacy Needs (Bagarozzi,2014) , Mark Wattley's Infidelity Attitude (2006) and Adams & Jones Marital Commitment (DCI) were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS-24 software and simultaneous regression. The results showed that between Islamic lifestyle and marital intimacy (r = 0/296 and sig = 0/067), Islamic lifestyle and marital commitment (r = 0/47 and sig = 0/003), marital intimacy and marital commitment (r = 0/688, Sig = 0.000), There was a significant positive relationship (P <0.01) and also between the Islamic lifestyle and attitude to infidelity (r = -0/37 and sig=0/021 ), Marital intimacy, and attitude to infidelity (r = -0/396 and sig=0/013 )and attitude to infidelity and marital commitment (r = -0/443 and sig=0/005 ) have a significant negative relationship (P <0.01). The results of regression analysis showed that the three variables of an Islamic lifestyle, marital intimacy and attitude to infidelity, can explain 1% of the variance in marital commitment (P <0.01). In addition to the Islamic lifestyle, marital intimacy (Sig = 0.000 and Sig = 0.042) had a significant relationship with marital commitment, and the magnitude of this effect is (Beta = 0.257 and Beta = 0/562). A: It can be said that adherence to a lifestyle based on Islamic teachings is also related to increasing marital intimacy and improving attitudes to infidelity and marital commitment. Manuscript Document
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        3 - Presenting a conceptual model of sexual chastity based on the verses of the Holy Quran (qualitative research)
        Saeed Karami
        This research has presented the conceptual model of "sexual chastity" by identifying and examining the components of sexual chastity and factors of the model. This work is qualitative and fundamental research that has been described and analyzed in the section of presen Full Text
        This research has presented the conceptual model of "sexual chastity" by identifying and examining the components of sexual chastity and factors of the model. This work is qualitative and fundamental research that has been described and analyzed in the section of presenting a conceptual model based on the theory derived from data. For this purpose, 7 concepts related to chastity were identified from the verses of the Qur'an and explained with a coherent approach. By providing a model, the role of some of these concepts in explaining sexual chastity was confirmed. From a total of 345 verses of the Qur'an on sexual issues, 50 verses that were directly related to sexual chastity were selected, and then, with open coding, a total of 49 codes were identified. In the pivotal coding stage, the data were categorized into 19 elements and key concepts, and in the selective code stage, these concepts were subdivided into four template factors. The factors of the model including the components of the focal category, contexts, and causes, strategic concepts, and consequences of sexual chastity were identified and at the end, during this process, the conceptual model of sexual chastity has been designed with a Quranic approach. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Predicting Marriage Satisfaction Based on adverse Childhood Experiences, Attachment Behaviors, Exchange Patterns, and Perceptions of Parental Marriage in Couples
        Ahmadreza Kiani Mahmud Mohamadi razi
        The purpose of this study was to predict marital satisfaction based on adverse childhood experiences, attachment behaviors, exchange patterns, and perceptions of parental marriage in couples. This was a descriptive correlational study. The tools of this study were ACEs Full Text
        The purpose of this study was to predict marital satisfaction based on adverse childhood experiences, attachment behaviors, exchange patterns, and perceptions of parental marriage in couples. This was a descriptive correlational study. The tools of this study were ACEs childhood adverse experiences, attachment behaviours, parental marriage perception, marital satisfaction, and a short communication form questionnaire which was administered to 400 subjects (200 couples) in Bojnourd city using SPSS software. Because the population was large and no information was available from all of these individuals, multi-stage cluster sampling was used. Results: Findings showed that one's perception of parental marriage and perception of one's own marriage as well as one's satisfaction with marriage was significant and positive. There was a significant and positive relationship between one's perception of marriage and attachment, as well as a negative and significant relationship between childhood adversity and one's own perception of marriage, and finally, the relationship between perceptions of marriage and exchange patterns showed a negative and meaningful relationship. Conclusion: It can be concluded from this study that adverse childhood experiences, attachment behaviors, exchange patterns, and perceptions of parental marriage are good predictors of marital satisfaction. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - The prediction of marital satisfaction of men and women based on variables of approach motives, avoidance motives of sacrifice and sacrificing behaviors
        Tofigh Alboghubish Reza KhojasteMehr Zabihollah AbasPour
        Marital satisfaction is one of the factors that result in satisfaction and happiness in life. Identifying variables that affect marital satisfaction is very helpful and necessary to maintain a marriage. Studies show that sacrificing motivation and behaviors can affect m Full Text
        Marital satisfaction is one of the factors that result in satisfaction and happiness in life. Identifying variables that affect marital satisfaction is very helpful and necessary to maintain a marriage. Studies show that sacrificing motivation and behaviors can affect marital satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to predict the marital satisfaction of men and women based on the variables of approach motivates, avoidance motives of sacrifice and sacrificing behaviors of Ahwaz women and men. In order to achieve this goal, 300 couples were selected using the available non-random sampling method. The questionnaires included perception of sacrifice measure (PSM), Decent sacrificing motives (SM), and Relationship Scale (RAS) Completed. The design of this research was descriptive and correlational. In this research, the researcher seeks to study simple and step-by-step relationships between predictor variables with criterion variables. The results showed that in the male sample, among the predictor variables, the variables of sacrificing behaviors and avoidance motives of sacrifice can to predict marital satisfaction, and also in the female sample, among the predictor variables, the variables of sacrificing behaviors, and the approaches motivates can to predict marital satisfaction. Based on the findings of this study, it can be concluded that a group of variables in men such as sacrificing behaviors and avoidance motives of sacrifice have a more decisive role in predicting marital satisfaction, and also in women, a range of variables such as sacrificing behaviors and approaches motives has a more decisive and important role in predicting marital satisfaction. Identifying and working on these variables will have an important role in marital satisfaction and family relationships. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Psychometric Adequacy of Persian Version of Women Sexual Schema
        ژاله  رفاهی
        Introduction: The sexual self-schema is a part of a broader concept of the self that is believed to be crucial for intrapersonal and interpersonal sexual relationships. Objectives: The aim of this study is to examine the validity of Persian version of women sexual schem Full Text
        Introduction: The sexual self-schema is a part of a broader concept of the self that is believed to be crucial for intrapersonal and interpersonal sexual relationships. Objectives: The aim of this study is to examine the validity of Persian version of women sexual schema questionnaire in an Iranian society. Method: The sample is consisting of 360 married women chosen by multi-stage cluster sampling. Results: The factors extracted from this scale in this study were not the same to those found in the original form of the female sexual schema scale. The scale of women's sexual schema in Iranian society consisted of four factors, namely open-direct, passionate-romantic, attractive, and embarrassed-conservative. Also, the report about examining the validity of factor structure of the women scale by mean of correlation coefficients of subscales with total score was optimal. Moreover, examines show that the Persian versions of women sexual schema's scales have acceptable reliability. Conclusion: The clinical psychologists and family counselors can use and benefit this scale to identify the women sexual schema for searching and treatment activities in clinical and counselling settings. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Sexual schemas and psychological well-being in married women: Investigating the mediating role of sexual function
        Reza Chalme Fateme Abdollahi
        The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of sexual function in the relationship between sexual schemas and psychological well-being in married women. The descriptive research method was a constraint type which was performed using structural equation m Full Text
        The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of sexual function in the relationship between sexual schemas and psychological well-being in married women. The descriptive research method was a constraint type which was performed using structural equation modelling method. The statistical population included married women from Shiraz. Using the available sampling method, 150 people were selected. Assessment tools included women's sexual performance index questionnaires (Rosen et al., 2000), sexual schema (Anderson and Sirvanowski, 1994), and psychological well-being (Reef, 1995). The data collected were analyzed in two descriptive levels (using mean, standard deviation) and inferential (using correlation coefficient and structural equation modelling with amos-21 software). The results showed that passionate-romantic and explicit-comfortable schemas had a positive and significant relationship and shy-cautious schemas had a negative and significant relationship with psychological well-being in married women. Sexual function was also a positive and significant predictor of psychological well-being. In addition, the results indicated that sexual function was able to mediate between passionate and romantic schemas and psychological well-being. Based on the research findings, it can be concluded that sexual schemas both directly and through sexual function can affect the psychological well-being of married women. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        8 - Qualitative exploration of factors motivating adolescent girls to masturbate from the perspective of growth-based family-based sexual education model
        Seyyed Mohsen Asghari Nekah Zahra Mohajer
        Introduction: Adolescence is a risky period in sexual development and the possibility of masturbation or harmful habits in front of girls and families, which sometimes affects their marital life, but there are few Iranian studies on girls masturbating, so this The study Full Text
        Introduction: Adolescence is a risky period in sexual development and the possibility of masturbation or harmful habits in front of girls and families, which sometimes affects their marital life, but there are few Iranian studies on girls masturbating, so this The study was conducted with a preventive and educational orientation to explore the masturbation of adolescent girls. Method: This qualitative study was conducted in the context of counseling interaction with families and girls with masturbation complaints during 1397 to 1399. In this study, 4 adolescent girls aged 14 to 17 years were included in the study by available sampling method. Data were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews. Results: The findings of this study showed 3 main categories and 19 sub-categories in response to the question of factors leading to masturbation, which are the priority of environmental-communication factors (such as communication challenges with parents, family stressors, unlimited communication with the opposite sex), respectively. , Psychological factors (such as sexual fantasies, and misconceptions about masturbation, cyberbullying, and pornography addiction) and social factors (such as harmful social environment, level of education, and material well-being). Conclusion: The analysis of participants' experiences indicates that communication-family, psychological and social factors have been effective in motivating adolescent girls to masturbate, respectively, and it seems that family empowerment can play a pivotal and decisive role in these factors. Therefore, preventing or quitting masturbation requires a family-centered sexual education model based on scientific principles in a broad and rich framework of religious and cultural teachings to be able to achieve sexual health in the form of family education programs in schools, national media and counseling clinics. Help teens. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        9 - The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy on the sexual temperament of Afghan women (employed and educated in Iranian universities)
        batool heydari Mohamadbagher Kajbaf
        The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of individual cognitive-behavioral therapy on sexual coldness of Afghan women studying and studying in Iranian universities. The research method was quasi-experimental pretest-posttest with a control gr Full Text
        The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of individual cognitive-behavioral therapy on sexual coldness of Afghan women studying and studying in Iranian universities. The research method was quasi-experimental pretest-posttest with a control group. In order to conduct the research, 10 Afghan women with inclusion criteria were selected by available methods and then randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The measuring instrument in this study was the Women's Sexual Cold Inventory (Eshghi, 2006). In the experimental group, 8 sessions of cognitive-behavioral therapy were performed individually and during this period, no intervention was performed in the control group. The results of analysis of covariance showed that cognitive-behavioral therapy is effective in improving the overall score of cold temper in women (P = 0.0001). Therefore, it can be concluded that the methodological-behavioral method can be used to reduce women's cold temper and improve marital relationships and ultimately family health. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        10 - Psychometric Adequacy of Women's Sexual Well-being Scale in Married Women: Validity, Reliability and Factor Structure
        reza chalmeh fatemeh abdolahi
        The aim of this study was to investigate the validity, reliability and factor structure of the Female Sexual Well-Being Scale in Iranian married women. For this purpose, a sample of 297 married women (with a mean age of 33.7 years and an age range of 24 to 45 years) was Full Text
        The aim of this study was to investigate the validity, reliability and factor structure of the Female Sexual Well-Being Scale in Iranian married women. For this purpose, a sample of 297 married women (with a mean age of 33.7 years and an age range of 24 to 45 years) was selected by simple random sampling. The Psychological Well-Being Questionnaire (Reef, 1995) and Women's Sexual Well-Being Scale (Rosen et al., 2009) were completed by the sample group. The validity of this scale was assessed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis methods, convergent and simultaneous validity. The reliability of the scale was evaluated by two methods of Cronbach's alpha and halving. The results of factor analysis using principal component method and varimax rotation showed that this scale consists of 4 factors with the titles of interpersonal relationships, cognitive-emotional domain, physical stimulation and orgasm satisfaction, which is more than 66% of the variance. They explain the whole. The convergent validity of this scale indicated a satisfactory correlation between the dimensions of the female sexual well-being scale and the total score. To determine the simultaneous validity of the scale, the correlation between the dimensions of the female sexual well-being scale and the psychological well-being scale was used, which indicated a favorable correlation (p <0.001). Cronbach's alpha and halving coefficients for the whole scale and its dimensions ranged from 0.63 to 0.82. The final result is that the Persian form of the Women's Sexual Welfare Scale has good validity and reliability in Iranian society and can be used in research, educational and clinical situations. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        11 - Changing attitudes toward menstrual taboos from Primitive Societies to the Age of Media (A Systematic Review)
        Zahra Zare soode dashtiane shiva zare
        Aim: Menstruation is a biological process and it is regarded as a milestone in women’s life. But these cultural and social processes are so intertwined that made a wide range of rules and restrictions(as taboo) about menstruation and women’s function. Taboos restricts w Full Text
        Aim: Menstruation is a biological process and it is regarded as a milestone in women’s life. But these cultural and social processes are so intertwined that made a wide range of rules and restrictions(as taboo) about menstruation and women’s function. Taboos restricts women’s behaviors and have a negative effect on their physical and mental health. In this case the aim of this study is to considering the role of media in persistence and lessening menstrual taboos. Methodology: It was a systematic review study. Related keywords have been searched in PubMed, Springer, ScienceDirect, SID, Noormags and Civilica data and related articles which have been published between 1950 to 2021 were extracted. Findings: The frequent ideaology about menstruation in societies is silence and denial, a view that most media reproduce and strengthening it in different ways. But giving various information about menstruation without bias in different ways may lead to normalization and lessening menstruation taboos. Results: the normalization process of menstruation needs time but with interfering in media’s framework as a change, we may lead the society to the normalizing it. Media as a great and available source of information, can be used as a powerful tool in educating and breaking menstruation taboo. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        12 - The Effectiveness of Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on Improving Rumination in Sexually Abused Children: A Single-Subject Research with one and two year follow-up
        Sepide ghazi zade Ali Mashhadi Zahra Tabibi Atefe Soltani far
        Introduction: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of TF-CBT on Improving Rumination in sexually abused children. Methods: This quasi-experimental research was a single-subject research design with multiple baselines with follow-up. The statistical populati Full Text
        Introduction: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of TF-CBT on Improving Rumination in sexually abused children. Methods: This quasi-experimental research was a single-subject research design with multiple baselines with follow-up. The statistical population consisted of all children of 9-12 years old, who have been sexually abused that referred to the Center of Clinical Tests of Forensic Medicine in 2016. In this study, sampling was purposeful, and 2 children were selected. The participants in situations of baseline, even sessions of intervention and one, two years after intervention responded to the Children’s Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ-K). Sixteen treatment sessions were administrated for each subject. Data analysis by using visual analysis chart, percentage of recovery and PND was done. Results: The results showed that TF-CBT significantly improved rumination in clients at the end and in the process has been followed. Conclusion: It could be concluded that TF-CBT is effectively improving rumination in sexually abused children and vulnerable children need specialists. Manuscript Document
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        13 - Prediction of sexual satisfaction based on body image and perfectionism amongst pregnant women
        morteza Andalib Kourayem maryam morsali saeed mahmoodinia
        Introduction: The purpose of this study was to predict sexual satisfaction based on the components of body image and perfectionism in pregnant women. Methods: The research method was descriptive correlational. The study population was pregnant women residing in Tehran Full Text
        Introduction: The purpose of this study was to predict sexual satisfaction based on the components of body image and perfectionism in pregnant women. Methods: The research method was descriptive correlational. The study population was pregnant women residing in Tehran in May and June. The sample size was 160 according to Tabachnik and Fidel formula and were selected by available sampling. The instruments of this study were sexual satisfaction questionnaires of Hudson et al, (1981), body image of Fisher (1970, perfectionism of Hewitt and Felt (1991). Results: Results of simple and multiple regression analysis showed that sexual satisfaction of pregnant women was predictable based on body image. So that the relationship between body image and sexual satisfaction is positive and among the components of body image, only the lower limb dimension has a positive and significant relationship with sexual satisfaction.Conclusion: Sexual satisfaction of women is predictable based on perfectionism and there is a positive and significant correlation between social orientation and orbital self-perfectionism with sexual satisfaction of pregnant women. Women's sexual satisfaction is predictable based on perfectionism and body image. The role of perfectionism is more important than body image. Manuscript Document
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        14 - Etiology, Consequences and Treatments of Vginismus :A Psychological Perspective Systematic Review
        shiva zare soode dashtiane Zahra Shomali
        Aim: Vaginismus is one of the most common sexual disorders among women and has a significant impact on women and couples. The present review article was aimed to investigating the etiology, consequences and treatments of Vginismus with a psychological perspective. Meth Full Text
        Aim: Vaginismus is one of the most common sexual disorders among women and has a significant impact on women and couples. The present review article was aimed to investigating the etiology, consequences and treatments of Vginismus with a psychological perspective. Methodology: The current study was a systematic review one. Relevant keywords such as vaginismus psychology, vaginismus disorder, genital pain/ penetration disorder ect. have been searched and extracted in Springer, Science Direct, PubMed , SID, Magiran, Noormags and Civilica database from 1940 to 2021. Findings: By reviewing the related articles, it was conducted that genital pain/ penetration disorder is the most common disorder among women. This disorder has an important impact on the quality of sexual intercourse as well as couples’ mental health. Conclusion: It can be concluded that changing the way of thinking, parenting and cultural building is very important. Furthermore, proper education about sex and preparing the educational content and related tools for adolescence boys and girls. Manuscript Document
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        15 - Predicting Mental Health Based on Sexual Function in Married Women
        Seyed Mehdi Hosseini Hakimeh Mirzaey
        Mental health plays an important and fundamental role in people living better lives, their activity efficiency and their ability to function effectively in their lives. The aim of this study was to predict mental health based on sexual function of married women. This re Full Text
        Mental health plays an important and fundamental role in people living better lives, their activity efficiency and their ability to function effectively in their lives. The aim of this study was to predict mental health based on sexual function of married women. This research is descriptive and correlational. The statistical population included all married women in Bavanat city and 130 married women were selected as the sample size by available sampling method. Keys Mental Health Questionnaire (2002) and Sexual Function Questionnaire Rosen et al. (2000) were used to collect data. Pearson correlation coefficient and regression coefficient were used to analyze the data. The results showed that there is a significant positive relationship between mental health and sexual function of married women and the components of desire and satisfaction have a higher power in predicting mental health. The results showed that the better married women are in marital relationships, the more mental health they have. Therefore, good sexual performance can affect women's mental health. Study on the sexual knowledge of married women, in addition to its effect on mental health and community health, will lead to the stability and cohesion of the family and married life and reduce divorce in society. Manuscript Document
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        16 - Investigating the Relationship of Parenting Styles with Parents’ Sexual Knowledge and Attitude and the Level of Interest in Talking about Sexual Issues in Shirazi Families
        Soheila Bastani Mitra Safakish
        The present study aimed to investigate the relationship of parenting styles with parents’ sexual knowledge and attitude and the level of interest in talking about sexual issues with children in Shirazi families. The statistical sample consisted of 160 parents with child Full Text
        The present study aimed to investigate the relationship of parenting styles with parents’ sexual knowledge and attitude and the level of interest in talking about sexual issues with children in Shirazi families. The statistical sample consisted of 160 parents with children in Shiraz who were selected by convenience sampling. The data were collected by Parenting Styles Questionnaire (Baumrind, 1991), Parents’ Interest in Talking about Sexual Issues (Koblinsky & Atkinson, 1982), and Sexual Knowledge and Attitude Scale (Besharat, 2005). The reliability of the instruments was estimated using Cronbach’s alpha. The relationship of each dimension of parenting styles and parents’ sexual knowledge and attitude and interest in talking about sexual issues was examined using correlation and regression analysis. The results revealed a significant negative relationship between authoritarian parenting style and interest in talking about sexual issues. There was a significant positive relationship between authoritative parenting style and sexual knowledge and attitude . Furthermore, no significant relationship was found between permissive parenting style and sexual knowledge and attitude, and interest in talking about sexual issues in the family. However, even with the introduction of sexual knowledge and attitudes as predictors, authoritarian parenting style still negatively predicted the level of parents’ interest in discussing sexual issues. According to the results of this study, the best parenting style for communicating with children and talking about sexual issues is the authoritative parenting style. Parents should increase their knowledge and awareness about sexual issues and learn the principles of authoritative parenting to prevent high-risk and harmful behaviors in children. Manuscript Document
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        17 - Psychological consequences of violence against women and girls
        Kazem Khorramdel Zahra Zare
        Aim: Violence against women and girls has existed in all human societies despite differences between religions and intellectual, cultural, economic and social differences, and is a global, transhistorical and transcultural phenomenon that dates back to human history. Th Full Text
        Aim: Violence against women and girls has existed in all human societies despite differences between religions and intellectual, cultural, economic and social differences, and is a global, transhistorical and transcultural phenomenon that dates back to human history. This consequence prevents the full participation of women in society and poses a serious threat to human rights and health. Violence has significant effects on women's physical and mental health. Despite extensive research on the consequences of violence on women's mental health, the rate of violence during quarantine has increased, and this study examines the extent of violence against women and girls and its psychological consequences during quarantine. Research Method: This is a descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study. The instruments used in this study include the Demographic Questionnaire, the Standard Violence Against Women Questionnaire and the Hopkins Index (HSCL). Finally, the data obtained from the study were analyzed by SPSS 26 software. (P <0.01) Results: Based on Pearson correlation, it was found that there is a positive and significant relationship between all dimensions of mental health and violence, and exposure to various types of violence leads to a decrease in mental health in various dimensions. Conclusion: Violence is a strong predictor of mental health in various dimensions and considering the important role of women in the family and the impact of their health on family and community health, it is necessary to take measures to reduce violence and improve women's mental health. Manuscript Document
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        18 - Sexual Harassment of Girls and Their Vulnerability During the Covid Epidemic 19 A Narrative Review Study
        soode dashtiane fatemeh taheri
        Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate the sexual harassment of girls and the injuries inflicted on them during the quarantine period of coronavirus. Methodology : The present review and narrative study, with a comprehensive search in the databases: PubMed Full Text
        Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate the sexual harassment of girls and the injuries inflicted on them during the quarantine period of coronavirus. Methodology : The present review and narrative study, with a comprehensive search in the databases: PubMed, Science Direct, Civilica, Noormags, SID, Springer Google Scholar,, a review of published articles on sexual injuries of girls during the outbreak Covid has had 19 in recent years. Conclusion : During the epidemic of coronavirus and quarantine conditions, the bedrock of violence and ill - treatment in the home and sexual harassment and sexual harm against girls has been provided. Therefore, educating and informing parents, as well as educating and informing girls, can be very effective in this regard. For this reason, one way to improve this situation is to increase the awareness and knowledge of parents and daughters, in various ways, during the corona epidemic. Manuscript Document
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        19 - Investigating the role of sexual issues in the married life of Couples Applicants for divorce by thematic method
        FAHIMEH RAJAEI yousef gorji
        The purpose of this study was to study the role of sexual issues in the married life of Couples applicants for divorce. The research method is Fundamental of purpose and descriptive-analytical method. The statistical population of the study included all couples applican Full Text
        The purpose of this study was to study the role of sexual issues in the married life of Couples applicants for divorce. The research method is Fundamental of purpose and descriptive-analytical method. The statistical population of the study included all couples applicants for divorce in Amol city who had referred to the city court from October to December 2019. In this study, the sample was available from among the couples seeking divorce in Amol city and a semi-structured interview was conducted on the referring couple, and finally the number of samples was saturated with 20 couples. Findings were quantitatively analyzed using percentage and frequency and chi-square test. The results showed that there was no significant difference between the responses of men and women regarding the importance of sex in cohabitation in single life and the role of sexual dissatisfaction in the collapse of cohabitation; While there is a difference between the responses of men and women regarding the importance of sex in cohabitation after marriage, the role of sex in the emergence of divorce, regarding the continuation or separation of each other due to sexual dissatisfaction. Women overestimated the importance of sexual issues after marriage and the importance of sex in the breakdown of married life and the emergence of divorce than men. Manuscript Document