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      • Open Access Article

        1 - Changing attitudes toward menstrual taboos from Primitive Societies to the Age of Media (A Systematic Review)
        Zahra Zare soode dashtiane shiva zare
        Aim: Menstruation is a biological process and it is regarded as a milestone in women’s life. But these cultural and social processes are so intertwined that made a wide range of rules and restrictions(as taboo) about menstruation and women’s function. Taboos restricts w Full Text
        Aim: Menstruation is a biological process and it is regarded as a milestone in women’s life. But these cultural and social processes are so intertwined that made a wide range of rules and restrictions(as taboo) about menstruation and women’s function. Taboos restricts women’s behaviors and have a negative effect on their physical and mental health. In this case the aim of this study is to considering the role of media in persistence and lessening menstrual taboos. Methodology: It was a systematic review study. Related keywords have been searched in PubMed, Springer, ScienceDirect, SID, Noormags and Civilica data and related articles which have been published between 1950 to 2021 were extracted. Findings: The frequent ideaology about menstruation in societies is silence and denial, a view that most media reproduce and strengthening it in different ways. But giving various information about menstruation without bias in different ways may lead to normalization and lessening menstruation taboos. Results: the normalization process of menstruation needs time but with interfering in media’s framework as a change, we may lead the society to the normalizing it. Media as a great and available source of information, can be used as a powerful tool in educating and breaking menstruation taboo. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Etiology, Consequences and Treatments of Vginismus :A Psychological Perspective Systematic Review
        shiva zare soode dashtiane Zahra Shomali
        Aim: Vaginismus is one of the most common sexual disorders among women and has a significant impact on women and couples. The present review article was aimed to investigating the etiology, consequences and treatments of Vginismus with a psychological perspective. Meth Full Text
        Aim: Vaginismus is one of the most common sexual disorders among women and has a significant impact on women and couples. The present review article was aimed to investigating the etiology, consequences and treatments of Vginismus with a psychological perspective. Methodology: The current study was a systematic review one. Relevant keywords such as vaginismus psychology, vaginismus disorder, genital pain/ penetration disorder ect. have been searched and extracted in Springer, Science Direct, PubMed , SID, Magiran, Noormags and Civilica database from 1940 to 2021. Findings: By reviewing the related articles, it was conducted that genital pain/ penetration disorder is the most common disorder among women. This disorder has an important impact on the quality of sexual intercourse as well as couples’ mental health. Conclusion: It can be concluded that changing the way of thinking, parenting and cultural building is very important. Furthermore, proper education about sex and preparing the educational content and related tools for adolescence boys and girls. Manuscript Document